The term ‘mental health and psychosocial support’ (MHPSS) is commonly used to refer to ‘any type of local or outside support that aims to protect or promote psychosocial well-being or prevent or treat mental disorders Rohingya ’. Although mental health is an inseparable part of health that must be addressed in an integrated way to health programmes”, it is important to acknowledge the broader spectrum of MHPSS.
The prevalence rate of mental health disorders in conflict settings is around 22% and many more faced distress due to adverse events faces before, during and after displacement.
ALSO READ THIS: ROHINGYA RISK BEING FORGOTTEN IN GLOBAL VACCINATION
Most have landed in Bangladesh, corralled into overcrowded camps around Cox’s Bazar, as well as the previously uninhabited island of Bhasan Char. Others have set sail on leaky vessels to Malaysia, Indonesia, and Thailand, or made their way to India and Pakistan Rohingya .While the governments of Bangladesh and Malaysia have pledged to vaccinate the refugees, they have yet to release detailed plans on how they plan to do so. This constitutes a significant risk not only to the refugees themselves, but also to the citizens of these countries.
Issues around lack of access to basic services like health, food security concerns leading to malnutrition, protection concerns for both adults and children, issues relating to referrals and linkage with services and lack of education are some of the leading causes of distress in conflict settings.
Due to the variety in causes of distress, UNHCR has adapted a multi-sector approach to overcome MHPSS problems faced by refugees in Cox’s Bazar. This factsheet is designed to highlight the multi-sectorial approach to MHPSS response and providing an overview of UNHCR MHPSS response in Cox’s Bazar.
The MHPSS response is divided into four sections to highlight the multi-layer services covered by multiple sectors. The 4 sections are specialized services, individual psychosocial support, psychosocial group activities and trainingsRohingya .